Adulteration of food is one of the vital issues that countries concerned about; that is due to their negative impact recently on consumers’ health. Especially, with the liberalization of markets and the globalization. This alongside with the development of fraud methods increased risks to consumers. Thus, The UAE legislator considered this by issuing the Anti-fraud Federal Law No. 19 of 2016, which considered any commitments against human or animal food as a punishable crime. Criminalization in this regard requires that the criminal needs to be a consumer pre to the commit of the crime; such commitments are specified in the law. In addition, ‘actus reus’ is a required as well; this could be a crime scene and criminal consequence. Also, an‘Mens rea’ which based on criminal intent, with the knowledge that it is sanctioned. The seriousness of the role played by the legal person in adulteration, leads to apply such rules on both natural and legal identities aside.
El Omary, Dr. Ezzat Mohamed
"Foods-related Fraud Crimes In accordance with UAE Federal Law No. 19 of 2016 on Combating Commercial Fraud,"
UAEU Law Journal: Vol. 2019:
78, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2019/iss78/7