This paper is introduced with a brief introduction on how different legal systems in the past dealt with religious minorities' disputes. Moreover, it shows how different US states were proposing bills and acts to eliminate any religious-based laws or applications. The paper presents how different Islamic schools deal with religious minorities' disputes in the Islamic State. It shows Islamic legal system's tolerance toward minorities in different aspects such as giving their religious leaders a role in solving their disputes according to their religion, and allowing them more freedom in their personal law issues such as marriage, divorce, wills and estates, and inheritance although some of their rules contradict Islamic law. Astonishingly, Islamic legal system absolved religious minorities from punishment on some criminal acts as long as the acts were performed according to the non Muslim minorities' belief.
"Settlement of Non-Muslim Minorities' Disputes in the Islamic State,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2017:
69, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2017/iss69/6