The research aims to describe the provisions of international liability of the damage caused by satellites and other spacecraft as well as addressing the definition of outer space and its nature. Then, it covers the role of the United Nations (UN) in its organization through adoption of several resolutions and agreements detailing the provisions that are relevant to the registration of launched vehicles into space and the rules of liability resulting from damages that may be caused. In conclusion, the study holds that states bear an absolute liability when damages occur on the ground or while the aircraft is in the air or by applying fault-based approach in the other cases. Consequently, there are several flaws in the liability system, most notably the absence of mandatory and effective dispute settlement mechanisms and the failure to extend compensation for all affected entities.
Al-Hajj, Muhammad Ali
"International Liability for Damages Caused by Satellites and other Space Vehicles in light of Outer Space Treaties,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2015:
61, Article 7.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2015/iss61/7