International and non- international armed conflicts have witnessed the use of water as a weapon in order to reverse the battle balance by combating parties. Aggressive acts were turned towards water resources and its equipment. Therefore, dams, water reservoirs, and energy generation centres were attacked. Besides water resources were poisoned by throwing cadavers in rivers and lakes which has led to a number of dead. This latter has surpassed the one killed in fighting acts.

So we will try through this study to shed light on the protection systems designed for water and water resources during armed conflict. We will also analyze the mechanisms that reinforce this vital resource essential to civil inhabitants