Armed conflict is one of the main causes of humanitarian disasters which may result in the inability of parties in armed conflict to provide basic goods and services and thus depriving civilians of basic necessities of life.
With the course of armed conflict, the parties to the conflict may not be able to provide essential supplies to the population. Hence, there is no way to preserve the life, health and dignity of the population but through the work of humanitarian relief provided by States and humanitarian organizations. For this reason, it is important to study the topic of "the legal regulation of humanitarian relief actions in time of armed conflict". This study aims to determine the international legal obligations of the parties to the conflict, states and humanitarian organizations. It also aims at identifying the necessary guarantees for the enforcement of humanitarian relief actions.
Humanitarian relief actions in time of armed conflict mean external assistance which is of an exclusively humanitarian character, impartial and nondiscriminatory. This humanitarian assistance may be provided by a State or humanitarian organization in the event of armed conflict which led to the inability of a party in the conflict to provide basic supplies needed to maintain life, health and dignity of civilians. Humanitarian relief actions include demand, offer, entry into the state, passage, distribution and coordination. The Geneva Convention and the two additional Protocols explain these issues.
This study includes three sections. The first is devoted to the definition of the humanitarian relief actions. The second is devoted to the implementation of the humanitarian relief actions and the third is devoted to the guarantees of implementation of the humanitarian relief actions.
"The Legal Regulation of Humanitarian Relief Actions in Armed conflicts,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2012
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2012/iss52/6