Syntax has affected the science of Islamic law (Sharia) including jurisprudence (Fiqh) and its methodologies; it also has been influenced by some of the jurist's (Fuqaha) terminologies and their ideologies (Madh'hib). This research addresses the productive interaction between syntax and its principles on the one hand and jurisprudence and its methodologies on the other in four sections: the impact of syntax on jurisprudence, the impact of syntax on jurisprudence methodologies, the impact of jurisprudence on syntax and the impact of jurisprudence methodologies on syntax's principles.

The study ends with several results; the most important are the following:

- That the extensive jurisprudence books have been greatly influenced by syntax, especially in the sections dealing with divorce and emancipation.

- The most important syntax aspects that affected jurisprudence are: conditionals and exclusion, conjunctions, prepositions, and some circumstantial adverbs.

- That jurisprudence methodologists have added a lot of syntax studies to the science of jurisprudence.

- That grammarians have been influenced by a number of doctrinal terms as well as by some jurisprudence trends.

- That Ibn Seraj was the first to have named the term "the principles of syntax".

- That the science of syntax's principles has been greatly influenced by the methodologies of jurisprudence as there are similarities between them in the use of terminologies, the identification of evidence, the way of reasoning, the formulation of the grammatical rules and the rules of preponderance when there is contradiction between evidences.

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