The development of vehicle automation systems has reached very high levels, it is expected that this new generation of our vehicles will invade our markets, more than ever before. Even if the goal of this Driverless car is to achieve the highest levels of safety, comfort and sustainability, and to reduce human errors that find their source in human mistakes, the safety of using this vehicle on our roads still raises doubts. This contribution started from the fact that today's driverless vehicles are still in need of a civil liability rules, and compensation system that would effectively address the problem of attribution of damages to these vehicles, especially with the anticipated retreat of drivers in their traditional sense, and even withdrawal with the emergence of fully automated vehicles. Through this research, we will present the new features of the Liability and Insurance Law, which must be prepared, to face traffic accident scenarios that occur between autonomous vehicles between them or with ordinary vehicles, this system will take a standard dimension by taking into account the levels of automation employed in the vehicle, and the distribution of the risks of unsafe use of this modern technology, to its users and the players of this promising industry, from drivers and owners of autonomous vehicles, as well as professionals of this industry who are producers, designers of smart programs, with the multiplicity of its brokers.

The study concluded that it is necessary to review the system of support for traffic accidents victims in the UAE legislation, by updating the special system to accommodate new data for smart vehicles, and to ensure safe access to this technology in our contexts in the future.

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