The research revolves around the role of the foreign case in exempting the maritime carrier from liability according to Rotterdam Rules, through which we study the position of the Rotterdam Rules on the foreign cause compared to Egyptian, French and Saudi law. Accordingly, we deal with the definition of the foreign cause and its cases that are consistent with the subject of the study, As well as clarify the extent of the authority maritime carrier to foreign cause to exclude its liability for damage or loss of goods or damage caused by delays in delivery; Beside examine the impact of foreign cause availability on carrier liability; Where we show cases of total and partial exemption from liability, And the foundations on which they are built in the Rotterdam Rules and comparative legislation.

Key words: Rotterdam Rules, Foreign cause, Maritime carrier, Exemption from liability, the charger,