Maritime piracy has increased since 2008, posing a real threat to the international peace and security. Therefore, many voices criticized the international legal legislations related to maritime piracy and accused them of being incapable of dealing with this widening phenomenon, being very limited to a few articles contained in the United Nations Convention for the law of seas of 1982. That criticism necessitated to study all the international legislations related to piracy, which were issued before and after 2008. As a result, we noticed that all the international conventions related to the sea and the international resolutions issued by the Security Council and the United Nations Assembly after 2008 pointed out the need to adhere to a general legal principle that is known as "The International Cooperation" to suppress acts of maritime piracy. It was also obvious that the 1982 Convention clearly emphasized the duty of the States and the relevant organizations to adhere to this principle to put an end to piracy. That was very strong in article (100) and many others. Based on the revision of those articles, we realized that the international cooperation is essential to combat piracy and to punish the perpetrators, and that the most significant mechanisms of this principle lie in exchanging information and data among stakeholders, who are law enforcement forces, local and international police, sea forces and others. It was also concluded that the cooperation amongst these parties should be aggregate and of multi-specialty, due to the enormous challenges faced by the international cooperation, mainly related to the exchanged information. Having said that, many new entities that were created at the regional and international levels started acting, by adhering to cooperation amongst them, to eradicate piracy, as a result, piracy has actually decreased indicating that adherence to the international cooperation the way described by the international legislations, particularly the United Nations Convention for the Law of the Sea 1982, will be sufficient to eradicate maritime piracy wherever it occurs and consequently punish the perpetrators and the facilitators of such crime.
"International Cooperation in Combating Modern Forms of Maritime Piracy,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2017:
72, Article 10.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2017/iss72/10