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Abstract

As a principle, confidentiality is a duty provided by rules of public morality and required by the principles of honesty and integrity. Disclosure of a confidential act is totally refused by the rules of ethical conduct. However, the legislature did not criminalize all cases of disclosure. In fact, the legislature only criminalizes the disclosure of the secrets which were deposited with the professions they assume their customers having to deposit their secrets to them. In addition, there is a link between the secret and practice of the profession, i.e., professional secret. Through the study of comparative analysis of the UAE Federal Penal Code and the Egyptian Penal Code, this research will try to answer the problematic questions raised by the criminalization of disclosure of the private secrets. The research will determine what the secret means and the criteria to determine the persons who are obliged to keep secrets. Lastly, there is a question regarding whether there is an excuse to the person to not obey his obligation of secrecy. Thus, his action is not criminalized.

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