The work for public benefit is one of the alternative systems of punishment which is adopted by some legislation, including the Algerian legislator by Act. No 01-09 issued on 25/02/2009 amending the penal code, and this system which is called by the Algerian legislature “penalty", represents an important turning point in punitive policy, as for the first time the work is done by sentencing. This system has many of advantages particularly with regard to the alleviation of the problems of penal institutions. Furthermore, it provides more funds and efforts. The application of penalty “work for public benefit " cannot be without conditions stipulated by the Algerian legislator, this work is an alternative to convicted imprisonment. The legislator has given several parties a power to ensure its application, each of the justice - juvenile justice, public prosecution, and penalty judge - and the penal institutions and foreign reformers of the prison administration on its application. The novelty of a work for public benefit made the search process very important and that it is necessary and essential to develop mechanisms that work, in order to achieve the purposes of punishment in a way that is different from the way of the private sector.

However, penal institutions are unable to interact with this new experience. This research prepared in an early stage of the application work for public benefit and which we explained through the legal texts related to it and with a comparison of the texts contained in the laws of some states, represents an essential base and an important starting point to work with alternatives of punishment. The results that have been reached represent important points that can be used in the future whether in Algeria or other countries.

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