The new technology has generated a very complicated computer program called "the Intelligent Agent". At this moment, this program can be deemed one of the most important achievements that information technology has reached. This is because it can work independently when fulfilling the desires of its user. Therefore, it is expected that it will play a great role in enhancing the freedom of trade and easing of the communication throughout the world.

A considerable debate has been going on since the emergence of this new technology, which may cause to change the original concept of the contract. The characteristics of "the Intelligent Agent", namely: the independence, the initiative, the intelligence, and the creativity have qualified the computer to play a positive role in the e-commerce instead of the negative role attached to it for many decades. By virtue of this program, the computer can now act like human beings, viz; it can obtain information relating to the items and services on which the user wants to contract, and then enter into negotiations for this purpose, and finally contract on his behalf. These abilities have pushed one to ask: what is "the Intelligent Agent”? What is its legal nature? And, to what extent the contract it concludes is valid?

In this study, the above questions will be answered so as to know whether "the Intelligent Agent" is an agent in reality or not, and what the possibility of granting it the legal personality is. This will give us the opportunity to discover whether this technology will have a strong effect at the legal level, especially as to the notion of contract freedom and the recognition of legal personality to things that are neither human beings nor collections of human beings or proprieties

Included in

Computer Law Commons