The science of al-Jarh wa al-Ta'dil (Recommending or not recommending Narrators) is regarded as a cautious, because of its numeral branches, issues and its influence on accepting or rejecting Traditions.
Hadith Scholars have played good efforts in this sense, they have collected all about narrators, which show their attitude regarding relation (Riwayah), not only an individual separated study, but also a comparative study with others. This matter caused a balanced study which measured the priority among them, a matter which showed the terms used to prefer one over another, such as: memorization, accurateness, full achievement, going deeply in understanding Traditions, the authenticity in relating one tradition from one Sheikh (Scholar), and the priority of Shuyukh in jurisprudence, brightness, eloquence, wide knowledge…etc, which show the general view and the accurate knowledge regarding narrators.
This article focused on priority terms which was used by scholars of Jarh and Ta'dil by which they distinguished between reliable narrators in different sides, also between weak narrators, and to put some traditions in advance.
Another thing tackled here was the influence of priority on judging Narrators and their narrations, the classes of their students, who is more reliable, the correction between narrations if we have contradiction among them, and to know the illness of narrations.
The article also discussed some attentions to certain issues, which are needed to Hadith Scholars in searching Hadiths, or the biography of Narrators, the judgment of their traditions, when it is difficult to judge the narrator and his narration because of neglecting such issues and their applications.
Saheb, "Mohamed Eid" Mahmoud
"Words differentiation in the wound and amendment and the impact on governance and narrators Marwiyaat,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2008
, Article 6.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2008/iss35/6