The relationship between Muslims and Non Muslims increased in social, economic, and political spheres in the non-Islamic counties, especially after emigration of the Muslims there. Different issues appeared, some of which dealt with foreign relationship, and others with the limits of jurisdiction of Islamic state over the behavior of Muslims in Non-Islamic country. The Muslim jurists had discussed these matters before the positive law did under the title :( Dispute laws), and knew the proper rules that fit the matters.

The research concluded with the notion that the bases are the limitation of jurisdiction of Muslims state, and the submission the Muslims to this jurisdiction and this issue has no relation with commitment of Islamic law. because the Muslims are obligated to Islamic law wherever they happen to live.