The research deals with the pledge for the former and the later scholars. I defined the pledge as: “an agreement contract between the Islamic Nation and the ruler who applies Al Sharia rules “.
I mentioned its validity in the Holy Quran, the pure Sunna and the agreement of the nation. I referred to the usage of the pledge from the versions of Islamic groups. Then I defined the places where the pledge was mentioned in the most important books of Sunna. I noticed the repetition of the most of Hadiths of the pledge inside those books. But I intended to refer to the accuracy of the speakers in these books and their deduction of the legitimate laws from the prophetic Hadiths of the pledge. They were not only tellers of the news who didn’t understand the speech but they were the symbol of good understanding and deduction. Then I mentioned the political pledge’s Hadiths (for example the first pledge of Al- Agaba and the famous second pledge of Al - Agaba, the pledge of Al – Hudaebia, the pledge of the women, the faithfulness of the pledge, the pledge of the cities, the pledge of jihad and the pledge of the war) and non- political Hadiths (as the pledge of what the human being can do, the pledge of Islam, the pledge of performing prayers and almsgiving).
I also mentioned important issues of the pledge like: Can the pledge be for the imam of the state? Should the pledge be from all Muslims? Does not referring to the people justify abdication of Imam? Don't ballots nullify the pledge? Does the large number of the Imam's justify disobedience of the Imam?
I concluded my research by saying that the obedience of imam is obligatory over the individuals of Islamic World. That is a duty even if imam was unjust. The Imam has to be admonished, but not disobeyed
Ali, Zuheir Othman
"Allegiance in the Sunnah of the Prophet,"
Journal Sharia and Law: Vol. 2007
, Article 5.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2007/iss30/5