Protecting the environment from pollution is probably a major international problem. Islam preceded all man-made legislations in protecting the environment. The legislations of Islam were adequate enough to protect the environment in a way that guarantees the best use of it. This paper consists of five parts. In the first part, the concept of environment was defined from a linguistic, geographical, and general sense. The concept of environment in Islam and the role of man in protecting it were also explained in the first part. The second part of the paper was devoted to the role of the Sunnah in protecting the plants, cultivating land, encouraging agriculture, planting trees and protecting them. The role of Sunnah in protecting animals was demonstrated in the third part of the paper. Islam prohibited torturing and killing animals and encouraged being kind to them. The fourth part was devoted to the role of Sunnah in maintaining the cleanliness of the environment through removing harmful tobjects from roads and streets, maintaining the cleanliness of public places and mosques. Islam also protects water and prohibits urinating in it. The last part of the paper explicated the role of Islam in protecting the biological environment including human beings, families and domestic animals. It was also shown how Islam encourages taking appropriate medicines in cases of illness, keeping away from people with contagious diseases.

The paper was concluded with recommendations.

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