The significance of the concept of arbitration in Islam stems Form the fact that the verdict that the arbitrator reaches is considered binding for both adversaries. That is, his ruling cannot be rebutted, unless a legitimate justification calls for a rebuttal. Both adversaries can dismiss the arbitrator before he reaches his verdict. However, an opponent cannot dismiss the arbitrator after he listened to the case unless the other opponent agrees. The adversaries' approval of the arbitrator's decision is not required as long as it conforms with the Islamic Jurisdiction.
The convict has the right to file a petition, rebutting the verdict if a legitimate justification exists. Jurisdiction is responsible for the execution of the arbitrator's verdict if the convict fails to comply. No judge can invalidate it unless there is a legitimate reason calling for such invalidation
"Significance of Arbitration Islamic Jurisprudence-Dr. Abdul Majeed Al-Susuah,"
UAEU Law Journal: Vol. 2005:
22, Article 2.
Available at: https://scholarworks.uaeu.ac.ae/sharia_and_law/vol2005/iss22/2