This study gives a definition of criminal responsibility and commandment. It details the concept of mental and criminal diseases and their types, the concept of criminal responsibility; its cause and conditions, the study is split into two parts. Part 1 defines Mind, the degree and criterion adopted by Islamic Law for criminal responsibility with a comparison with mental and psychological diseases, and the effect of mental disability at the time of criminal act. Part 2 discusses the conscience will being the second part of responsibility explaining its definition and psychological diseases having effect on it, etc, the study concludes the Islamic Law point of view on this issue.

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