The United Arab Emirates complies with the system of unified jurisdiction. But as a federal state, the judicial function is divided between the federal government and the Emirates. The constitution has defined the competence of the federal jurisdiction and left the rest to the Emirates ones. But all of the Emirates except Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have joined the federal jurisdicaon.

The constitution confined the juridical supervision on the administration actions and specified the competence of the federal jurisdiction in the settlement of administrative disputes. The federal courts has put into effect federal legislations and general principles in order to resolve the administrative disputes.

Administrative disputes are examined on three degrees, in spite of the fact that the constitution did not refer to an appellate federal court existence. We think that the primary federal court Of Abu

Dhabi -and not the supreme federal court- is competent to resolve the administrative disputes in each of Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah otherwise the numerousness of judicial grades will be missed.

In Dubai, the domestic law requires the ruler approval as a condition to the acceptance of any claim against the ruler or the govemment in the princedom. This law is unconstitutional because it contradicts article 41 of the constitution that assures the right to judicial complaint.