No one in the Islamic Society can deny the effect of the order to do well and to refrain from what is bad on the prevention of crime. This order is a fundamental source of the Islamic Legislation in general and of the Islamic Criminal Legislation in particular. This in situation stem s its origins from two sources: The Holy Quran and Sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad. The Quran had said many times and on m any occasions, that the main task of the individual is to practice and order the well and to refrain from doing the bad and not to harm others i n the Society. My argument of "Al-Amri bi 'l - Ma'ruf Wa' l Nahyi. an al Munkar and its role in prevention of crime in the Islamic Criminal Legislation" can be divided to 3 subarticles: A. The role of the individual in the Islamic Society regarding the Criminal Field: 1 - Regarding the per-trial stage: 1" - The duties of the individual are to reveal the crimes to the State or to any official a authority in the State, to point out of the criminals and their assistants, and to reveal the places where they are hidden when it is possible. 2" - The right of the individual to ask or demand to stir the public accusation against the crimincal, viz "public claim". 3" - The right and the duty of the individual to seize or to capture the criminals and to deliver them to the justice. 4" - The right of the individual to defend himself and the others. 2 - Regarding: the trial stage: 1" - The duty of the individual to participate in the criminal trial (according to some opinions). 2" - The duty of the individual to serve as a witness and to testify the truth. 3 - Regarding the role of the individual in the execution of the punishments

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