Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Saleh Thaker Mahmoud
The effect of high concentration of magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) transverse relaxation rates (R2=1/T2 and R2*=1/T2*) were studied using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Theoretical models assume that particle occupies a small volume fraction of the sample space. This work aims to test if available models based on Motional Averaged (MAR) and Static Dephasing Regimes (SDR) can still represent relaxation rates at large volume fractions. Furthermore, echo-time effects were tested on both gradient-echo and spin-echo sequences in order to examine if diffusion is involved. Findings will clarify if models need to be modified to take account of high particle concentration. This is especially important for application involving the clustering of nanoparticles inside tissues or being trap inside cells. Another important area is relaxation due to MNP administered through vesicles as a carrier medium. This is important to understand the relaxation mechanism caused by MNP in order to improve their design process.
Tawfiq Hamdan, Yahia Adeeb, "Simulation of T2 MRI Relaxation Enhancement by Magnetic Nanoparticles" (2019). Physics Theses. 3.