Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
In the healthcare sector, the move towards Electronic Health Records (EHR) systems has been accelerating in parallel with the increased adoption of IoT and smart devices. This is driven by the anticipated advantages for patients and healthcare providers. The integration of EHR and IoT makes it highly heterogeneous in terms of devices, network standards, platforms, types of data, connectivity, etc. Additionally, it introduces security, patient and data privacy, and trust challenges. To address such challenges, this thesis proposes an architecture that combines biometric-based blockchain technology with the EHR system. More specifically, this thesis describes a mechanism that uses a patient’s fingerprint for recovery of patient’s access control on their EHRs securely without compromising their privacy and identity. A secure distributed healthcare system (SDHCARE) is proposed to uniquely identify patients, enable them to control access to, and ensure recoverable access to their EHRs that are exchanged and synchronized between distributed healthcare providers. The system takes into account the security and privacy requirements of Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) compliance, and it overcomes the challenges of using secret keys as a patient’s identity to control access to EHRs. The system used distributed architecture with two layers being local to each healthcare provider that is a member of SDHCARE, and two layers shared across all members of SDCHARE system. SDHCARE system was prototyped and implemented in order to validate its functional requirements, security requirements, and to evaluate its performance. The results indicated successful fulfillment of design requirements without significant overhead on the performance as required by healthcare environments
Al Baqari, Mohammed R. S., "Sdhcare: Secured Distributed Healthcare System" (2020). Information Security Theses. 6.