Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Taoufik Ksiksi

Second Advisor

Dr. Khaled Masmoudi

Third Advisor

Dr. Synan Abu Qamar


The herbarium collections have become vastly used due to the recent developments in molecular techniques. Molecular techniques such as DNA extraction and DNA sequencing are playing an important role in studying genetic makeup of plant and identifying the evolutionary relationship using DNA bar coding. Herbarium collection is considered as one of the potential source to access the genetic material of the extinct plant species. Study focused on the DNA isolation process using five isolation techniques: Maxwell, Synergy, Qiagen, I-Genomic , and CTAB on herbarium desert/medicine plant: Inula Helenium, Chenopodium album, Salsola Kali, Haloxylon Persicum, Atriplex Halimus and compared them with fresh samples in term of DNA purity and DNA yield. Two universal genes, matK and Rbcl, were used for the phylogenetic investigation for all samples. In addition, the homemade extraction (CTAB) was compared with other DNA extraction kits for both herbarium and fresh samples in order to find the significant difference between them. Results: Fresh specimens yielded better quality of DNA and 100% amplified and sequenced of plant barcode genes Rbcl and matK in five techniques. while, herbarium samples Salsola Kali, Haloxylon Persicum were yielded good DNA purity and concentration via CTAB, Maxwell, Synergy, Qiagen techniques, resulting good amplification in both genes (matK, Rbcl). Regarding to the significance effect between fresh and herbarium, there are noticeable differences values in both DNA purity and DNA concentration. In case of comparing fresh samples only, the concentration effect showed significant differences between CTAB and four other methods, while three out of five species show significant differences method in term of purity. In term of comparing herbarium samples only, Inula helenium and Chenopodium album from CTAB\ method showed no significance effect in term of purity, also Chenopodium album from CTAB method showed no significance effect in term of concentration.

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