Date of Award
Master of Arts in Education (MAE)
Curriculum & Instruction
Dr. Sadiq A. Ismail
Dr. Mohamad Shaban
Dr. Negmeldin Alsheikh
The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions and practices of ESL/EFL instructors in teaching and assessing writing in three tertiary educational institutions in the Sultanate of Oman (Al Buraimi University College, University of Buraimi, and Sohar University). The researcher used the quantitative and qualitative methods in the study. The data was gathered through a questionnaire (n=147), 15 interviews (n=15), and 18 classroom observations (n=10). The findings of this study revealed that the majority of ESL/EFL instructors believe in and practice aspects of the process- and product-oriented approaches for teaching academic writing in Oman. Many ESL/EFL instructors believe in teaching vocabulary that students may use in their assigned writing and equally they believe in teaching students different genres and/or texts. Other common strategies that ESL/EFL instructors agreed on were generating ideas about the assigned topic before the start of the task and asking students to make a pre-writing plan. ESL/EFL instructors do believe in portfolios and written essays as tools to assess students writing, which are also practiced in their classroom. However, their belief contradicted their practice in areas like: making students write individually or in group, or both; using analytic or holistic rubrics, or both; and assessing content or grammar first, or both. One of the main recommendations that the researcher addressed to the ESL/EFL instructors is that their choices of writing strategies should be based on students' needs. There should be a balance between the students need to meet the learning outcomes and helping students to communicate creatively in English. This is by vii replacing the traditional exams with more creative and authentic process of writing. Also, the researcher addressed the Omani institutions of Higher Education to keep the writing classes manageable for ESL/EFL writing instructors. Furthermore, the researcher recommended that the learning outcomes must not only be idealistic, but also realistic. The standards for evaluation must be accessible for the ESL/EFL students in Omani Colleges and Universities. They must be challenging without being off-putting. The last recommendation was addressed to Omani researchers who are led by the Sultan Qaboos University, to set up a national, updated and comprehensive database
Hamed Al-Azani, Noura Abdullah, "EXPLORING ENGLISH INSTRUCTORS' PERCEPTIONS AND ACTUAL PRACTICES REGARDING THE STRATEGIES USED IN TEACHING AND ASSESSING WRITING IN THREE TERTIARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN THE SULTANATE OF OMAN" (2015). Theses. 50.