Date of Award
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)
Dr. Mohammed Abdel-Hafez
Dr. Qurban Ali Memon
Dr. Matti Hämäläinen
The goal of this thesis is to study performance of cognitive radio networks in terms of total spectrum utilization and throughput of secondary networks under perfect and imperfect sensing for Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) and fading channels. The effect of imperfect sensing was studied by applying non-collaborative and collaborative sensing techniques using energy detecting and square law combining techniques, respectively. Spectrum allocation for heterogeneous networks in cognitive radio networks was discussed and a new sharing algorithm that guarantee Quality of Service (QoS) for different secondary users’ applications was proposed. The throughput degradation of secondary users due to the activities of the primary users was explored by varying the arrival rate of the primary users in a given spectrum band. Computer simulation showed that increasing the primary user’s activity will increase the total spectrum utilization but decreases the secondary users’ throughput simultaneously. The effect of the received Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of the primary user on the cognitive radio network performance is studied in which, a high SNR of primary users led to a higher throughput of secondary network in AWGN channels compared to Nakagami fading channels. The effect of applying cooperative sensing is also presented in this thesis. As we increased the number of cooperating sensors, the network throughput increased which proves the advantage of applying cooperative sensing. A spectrum allocation algorithm for heterogeneous network model is developed to study the QoS assurance of secondary users in cognitive radio networks. The system performance of the heterogeneous network was investigated in terms of the total spectrum utilization. It is found that, higher number of secondary users, better channel’s condition and low required QoS of applications would increase the spectrum utilization significantly. vii In this thesis, the proposed allocation algorithm was applied to the heterogeneous cognitive radio model and its performance was compared to the First Come First Served (FCFS) algorithm in both AWGN and fading channels. The proposed algorithm provided a higher average SNR and spectrum utilization than FCFS algorithm and guaranteed the QoS requirement for applications of secondary users. The effect of imperfect sensing on the system performance was investigated, and it was shown that, as the probability of detection increases the total applications’ data rate increases significantly. The proposed algorithm guaranteed the QoS requirement for each application of secondary users. The effect of imperfect sensing on the system performance was investigated, and it was shown that, as the probability of detection increases the total data rate increases significantly.
Sulieman Adam, Nadir Hussin, "SPECTRUM SHARING IN COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS WITH QUALITY OF SERVICE AWARENESS" (2015). Theses. 48.