Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dr. Mahmoud F. Al Ahmad
Dr. Falah Awwad
Recent development in communication technologies shifts the communication paradigm from point to point to multi-user wireless systems. These developments eased the use of mobile telephone, satellite services, 5G cellular, smart application, and the
Internet of Things. The proliferation of mobile devices has necessitated an elaborate mechanism to serve multiple users over a shared communication medium, and a multiplexing approach is introduced to serve this purpose. Multiplexing refers to a method that aims at combining multiple signals into one signal such that each user would be able to extract its desired data upon receiving the multiplexed signal. This spectrum sharing allows wireless operators to maximize the use of their spectrum to accommodate a large number of users over fewer channels. In Space applications, where sensors like temperature, attitude, IR, Magnetic, etc. send information using antennas operate at a different frequency, there is a need to collect all or some of these data using a single device. A wideband antenna requires a filtering process in order to remove unwanted signals that lead to a complex circuit design. Furthermore, the use of multiple antennas ends up with a larger size and additional complexity. Therefore, the tunable antenna is an excellent candidate which provides a perfect solution for such scenarios. A tunable antenna whose frequency characteristics shifted by applying tuning action can be used to operate as a multiplexing device that can collect signals from different surrounding antennas; each operates at a fixed frequency. A system architecture for wireless multiplexing using a tunable antenna is proposed in this project. An electronically tunable antenna using varactor diode as a tuning element is used as the multiplexing device that can collect signals from different surrounding antennas. The system consists of an RF front end and a control circuit/system for wireless multiplexing. The RF front end consists of a tunable antenna, tunable phase shifter, tunable bandpass filter, low noise amplifier, mixer, voltage-controlled oscillator, and an intermediate frequency filter. The control unit comprises a microcontroller, DAC, CMOS oscillator, power module, and a USB interface for communication with custom-built software installed on a PC. The device has functions for control, digital signal processing, and de-multiplexing. The device is fed with an input multiplexed signal, and the de-multiplexed output signals are extracted and displayed on the graphical user interface of the software. Due to the reconfigurability and programmability of the device, it presents a flexible, cost-effective solution for a variety of real-world applications.
Kabeer, Saifudeen Ahammed, "WIRELESS ANTENNA MULTIPLEXING USING TUNABLE ANTENNA FOR SPACE APPLICATIONS" (2021). Dissertations. 118.