Date of Award

11-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Ala A. Hussein

Second Advisor

Dr. Hatem Zeineldin

Third Advisor

Dr. Hussain Shareef

Abstract

With the increasing prevalence of renewable energy and distributed generation (DG) in distribution systems, micro-grids are becoming more popular and an attractive option for enhancing system operation and reliability. This can be attributed to the micro-grid ability to operate in both connected and disconnected modes. Equally important, micro-grids are the best solution to meet the increasing demand of electric power in a cost effective manner due to the close proximity to the load demand and thus minimizing system losses. Islanding detection methods have been proposed for inverter based distributed generation with only grid-connected capability. Micro-grids are composed of DGs that are capable of operating in two modes: grid connected and islanded. This thesis introduces and proposes the concept of micro-grid transition detection where the status of the micro-grid is detected based on adaptively modifying the droop slope. The droop coefficient is chosen such that the micro-grid is stable while grid connected and in the contrary

Unstable once an islanded micro-grid operation is initiated. The droop coefficient is adaptively modified, once the micro-grid transitions from grid-connected to islanded operation, to stabilize the micro-grid for the islanded mode of operation. The proposed method is capable of detecting micro-grid transition in less than 600 ms under various active and reactive power mismatches. The proposed micro-grid transition detection method is tested on a micro-grid equipped with inverter based DGs controlled using the droop approach. The main objective of this thesis is to develop a novel islanding detection method for micro-grids with grid connected and islanded capability. A micro-grid model was developed using power system computer aided design/ electromagnetic transient and DC (PSCAD/EMTDC) as a platform for testing the proposed method.

Simulation results were conducted considering the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standard 1547(IEEE Std. 1547) standard islanding detection testing procedure.

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Engineering Commons

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